To date, the majority of immigration into the labor market has taken place within the framework of EU internal mobility (approx. 55% in 2020). A downward trend has already been observed here in recent years. In the future, the potential for EU immigration will continue to decline, as many EU countries are facing similar demographic challenges. These countries are also experiencing a decline in the working-age population. It is therefore important to focus and increase recruitment efforts on third countries, i.e. countries outside the EU.
Facilitating the immigration of skilled workers from third countries; source: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, 2019