To date, the majority of immigration into the labour market has taken place within the framework of internal EU mobility (approx. 55 % in 2020). A downward trend has already been observed in this area in recent years. In the future, the potential for EU immigration will continue to decline, as many EU countries are facing similar demographic challenges. There, too, there is a decline in the working-age population. Therefore, the focus and recruitment efforts must be increasingly directed towards third countries, i.e. countries outside the EU.
Facilitate skilled labour immigration from third countries; Source: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, 2019