Berlin, 23 November 2022. The "MINT Autumn Report" study shows that the labour gap in the STEM sector (mathematics, information technology, natural sciences, technology) remains at a high level despite the Ukraine war and the associated economic slowdown. The STEM gap reaches one of the highest levels for the month of October 2022, with a total of around 326,100. Bottlenecks have risen sharply recently in IT occupations and Energy and Electrical Engineering occupations. In construction, bottlenecks are decreasing slightly again. STEM is central to achieving success in transformation processes and ensures the future viability of our country.
Prof. Dr. Axel Plünnecke, Head of the Education, Innovation and Migration Cluster at the Cologne Institute for Economic Research (Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln): "Companies expect an increasing demand for STEM employees in order to master the challenges of climate protection, digitalisation and demographic change. In addition, the Ukraine war and rising energy prices are increasing the pressure to adapt business models. Greater innovation activity is the key lever for mastering the challenges. 77 percent of all workers in the research and development fields have a STEM qualification. Additional innovation is therefore only possible with the appropriate STEM professionals."
Indra Hadeler, Managing Director Education and International Relations of the employers' association Gesamtmetall: "60 percent of employees in the metal and electrical industry work in STEM professions. Securing the next generation of STEM workers is therefore central to the M+E industry! STEM qualifications also form the basis for the development and production of technical solutions with which we set the course for digitalisation and decarbonisation and thus for sustainable growth. The M+E industry invests around 101 billion euros in innovations every year - that is 59 percent of German innovation expenditure. Climate protection and digitization are gaining significantly in importance. We are very concerned that the number of first-year students in STEM subjects has fallen by around 13 percent in the last five years and that many apprenticeships in STEM professions cannot be filled.
Christina Ramb, member of the BDA's Executive Board: "STEM professions are particularly attractive. The wages of STEM employees are higher than the average for other professions. More than 60 percent of STEM graduates are up-and-comers in education. Still, we are short of young talent. It is encouraging that the proportion of women in STEM professions has risen slightly in recent years. But we cannot be satisfied with this and must step up our efforts to get girls and young women interested in STEM. Without successes in immigration in recent years, there would be a shortage of around 340,000 more STEM professionals. We need simplified regulations in Germany as well as less bureaucracy in immigration in order to leverage further potential."
Prof. Dr. Christoph Meinel, Chairman of the Board of MINT Zukunft schaffen: "Germany urgently needs to make faster progress with digitization in education. To achieve this, it is important that digitization is finally understood and treated as a cross-cutting issue in schools, and that we also succeed in getting students who are less tech-savvy more excited about digital and IT solutions. Another important step is to close the gaps that still exist in digital equipment at daycare centres and schools, to provide better support and further training for teachers and to develop digital teaching and learning materials."
Edith Wolf and Dr. Ekkehard Winter, board members of the National MINT Forum: "The latest comparative tests at schools make it clear that competencies are also declining in the MINT subjects and that the inequality of opportunity is already increasing so massively in the early phase of many educational biographies that it is hardly possible for a large number of children and young people to continue learning. Educational and thus participation opportunities must be improved through targeted catch-up programs and high-quality STEM education in all-day schooling. We have high hopes for the Startchancen program; STEM learning opportunities, including those offered by non-school actors, should play a central role in its design."
You can download the full Autumn Report here.
About the MINT Report
The MINT Report is produced twice a year by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research. The study is commissioned by the following members of the National MINT Forum: Confederation of German Employers' Associations, Employers' Association Gesamtmetall and MINT Zukunft schaffen.